Candlesticks Woodworking Plan
These candlesticks are made on a lathe, using a combination of woods for decorative effect, and are ideal projects for those new to the craft of turning. The thin candlestick is made from Zebrano, which can be purchased from a specialist turning supplier.
MATERIALS AND TOOLS:
• Table saw, planer, and thicknesser (or buy prepared wood)
• Workbench and vice
• Smoothing plane
• Sliding compound mitre saw
• Lathe, roughing-out gouge, skew chisel, parting tool, and diamond-point scraper
• Pencil, ruler, and tape measure
• Four G-clamps
• Wood see drawing – Zebrano, beech, and oak
• Sandpaper 80-grit and 600-grit
• Wax polish
• PVA wood glue
• Glass “plate” candleholder: approx 110 mm (4.3125 in) in diameter
• Glass tealight-type candleholder: approx. 30 mm (1.1875 in) in diameter
• Glue suitable for sticking glass to wood
HOW TO MAKE THE ZEBRANO CANDLESTICK
1. Preparing the wood
Buy a Zebrano turning blank from a specialist supplier. Draw diagonals on both ends to establish the center points. Mark the center points with the awl. Draw circles on the end, to the correct size, with the compass. Place the blank in the vice and plane off the corners to achieve a rough cylinder shape ready for turning.
Mount the cylindrical blank between the lathe centers and check that it is securely fixed Wear a dust mask and goggles to protect yourself. Switch on the lathe, and hold the roughing-out gouge firmly against the tool rest at a upward facing and slanting angle. Raise the handle of the gouge gradually until you feel it “bite”.
Move the gouge left and right to clear the bulk of the waste, then take finer shavings. Stop the lathe now and again to inspect the finish. Use sandpaper (whilst the lathe is turning) to smooth the surface. Mark the end of the candlestick and cut through at that point with the parting tool. Drill hole for candleholder (not to be glued). Finish with wax polish.
HOW TO MAKE THE LAMINATED CANDLESTICK
This candlestick is made from blocks of beech and oak glued together. Cut out the two squares of beech and the two squares of oak with the compound mitre saw. Apply glue to the faces and clamp together using four G-clamps. Note that the grain of each block should run in the same direction. Wipe off the excess glue with a damp cloth.
2. Planing and turning
When dry, remove the clamps and prepare a rough cylinder shape with center points as described in step 1 above Mount the cylinder in the lathe, check that it is secure, put on a dust mask and goggles, start the lathe, and remove the bulk of the waste with the roughing-out gouge. Continue with the skew chisel. Cut the V-section grooves with the diamond-point scraper.
Use sandpaper (whilst the lathe is turning) to smooth the surface. Stop the lathe now and again to check that there are no pits in the end-grain areas. If there are, use coarse sandpaper to remove them. Finish with fine sandpaper and wax polish. Alternatively, use carnauba wax, which should be applied whilst the lathe is turning. Glue the glass plate to the top of the candlestick.