Kitchen Units Woodworking Plan
Kitchen design has come a long way over the years and you might think it’s not worth making your own units, but remember all the dilapidated fitted kitchens you have seen, which have worn out in less than five years. Cheap materials and veneered or gloss-lacquered finishes do not last long in a kitchen environment, so there is a good argument for making your own units from more sturdy materials. You may wish to adjust the dimensions to incorporate an oven or a fridge.
MATERIALS AND TOOLS:
• Table saw, planer, and thicknesser (or buy prepared wood)
• Router and 5 mm (3/16 in) straight cutter
• Sliding compound mitre saw
• Mortiser, 15 mm (5/8 in) and 10 mm (3/8 in) mortise chisels
• Crosshead screwdriver
• Cordless driver, screwdriver bit, twist bits to suit shelf pegs and fi ings, and countersink bit for No, 8 screws
• Electric drill, combination bit (drills a counterbored clearance hole and pilot hole), and plug-cutter set to suit No.8 screws
• Pillar drill
• Orbital sander, 80-grit, and 600-grit sandpaper
• Pencil, ruler, tape measure, spirit level and try square
• Sash clamps
• Wood see drawing – plywood, pine, and moulding
• Pins: 15 mm (5/8 in)
• Screws: No. 8 cross-headed, zinc plated, countersink: 50 mm (2 in); 25 mm (1 in)
• Drawer runners
• Plugs, screws, and brackets for fixing units to floor and wall
• Hinges, handles, catches, shelf pegs
• Tiles, tile adhesive, and grout
• PVA glue, water, and cloth
• Point and brushes
1. Legs and base
Cut legs of the same length and mark their positions on the baseboard. Set them in from the front and ends by the same amount all around ( the plinth is fixed to the legs later on ). Space the legs at intervals of approximately 500mm but avoid placing them beneath a vertical board. Fix the legs to the baseboard with glue and screws.
2. Fixing the vertical boards
The vertical boards form the sides of the cabinets and are identical to each other. Before assembling these verticals drill holes in them for the adjustable shelf pegs, at intervals to suit your requirements. Mark the location of the verticals on the baseboard put in position and fix with 50mm (2 in) screws.
3. Fixing the top
Mark out the locations of the verticals on the top of the cabinets. These should correspond with those on the baseboard.
4. Completing the cabinets
Push the cabinets against the wall in their final position. Use the spirit level and check the positions of the verticals with the try square. Screw the top to the verticals. Secure the top to the wall using concealed brackets.
5. Making the front frame
Mark out the lengths of wood for the front frame, and mark the mortises and tenons. Cut the mortises on the mortiser and clean out the corners of the joints with the chisel Cut the tenons on the compound mitre saw. Practice cutting a tenon on a scrap of wood of the same section to check that the settings are correct. Glue and clamp the frame and check that it is flat and square.
6. Fixing the front frame
Drill counterbored holes in the front of the frame for receiving screws that can later be concealed with plugs of solid wood Hold the frame in the correct position on the front of the unit (check With a spirit level) and drill the holes with a combination drill bit (one that drills a counterbored hole, a clearance hole and a pilot hole at the same time). Screw-in place and plug the holes.
7. Making the doors
Cut verticals that me slightly over-length. Make the mortise and tenon joints and cut the grooves for the panel with the router and 5 mm (3/16 in) straight cutter. Cut the panel to fit inside the frame Practise clamping the door and then glue, clamp and check that the door is square. Cut and plane the joints at the corners.
8. Making the drawers
Make drawers using dovetail joints. Fit the fronts onto the drawers using 25 mm (1 in) countersunk screws. Make shelves. Fit the drawer runners. Hang the doors. Fit the door and drawer handles and door catches. Tile the top Fix the edging to the top and the plinth to the feet. Sand everything with the orbital sander and apply a point finish.